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The forests of the United States are made up of many kinds of trees, in all, more than 800 species and varieties.  These forests cover several large geographic areas, each containing different kinds of trees, depending upon the soil and climatic conditions found in the growing areas.

The forest areas of the United States have been botanically and geographically identified as:

bulletThe Northern or Eastern Forest that once covered all of the northeastern section of the country.  In the northern part of the forest we have primarily white pine, spruce, firs and hemlock, birch, beech and maple.  In the mountains, oak, hickory, ash, and northern species at higher elevations dominate the forests. 
The Appalachian Forest - Within the Northern Forest is an important subregion in the mountains between Pennsylvania and Georgia now known throughout the country and the world as the Appalachian Hardwood Region.   In this area we find oak, hard maple, yellow poplar, ash, cherry, basswood and many other kinds of trees.
bulletThe Central Hardwood Forest is located between the Northern and Southern Forests.  It extends through the central part of the country as far west as the Great Plains, east to the foothills of the mountains, north to the Lake States and south into Tennessee.  It lies generally in the flat river bottoms, and rolling hills of the Middle West.  Hardwoods make up the main type of trees in this area, examples of which are oak, sugar maple, yellow poplar, white ash, basswood and walnut.
bulletThe Southern Forest-- Lying south of the Central Hardwood Forest, it contains most of the southeastern states extending up the Atlantic Coast to Maryland, up the Mississippi River to Illinois, and west into Texas.  Southern yellow pine and cypress are the important evergreen trees, while important hardwoods are oak, gum, cottonwood, hickory, pecan, and willow.
bulletThe Rocky Mountain Forest -- covers the slopes of the Rocky Mountains and extends from Canada to Mexico.  The most important trees are ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, western white pine, lodgepole pine and western larch.
The Pacific Coast Forest.  Lying on the western side of the Rocky Mountains , it extends from Canada to Mexico.  Trees found in this area are the Douglas fir, sugar pine, western cedar, western hemlock, the true fir and the giant sequoia and redwood trees.

U.S. Forests Appalachian Forest Tree Growth Forest Quantity U.S. Forestry Begin Forest Practices The Future

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  Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers, Inc., P.O. Box 427, High Point, NC 27272 | Tel. (336) 885-8315